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10 Surprising Technologies People Had in the Past

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From: toptenznet
Duration: 12:46

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Today, we like to think of ourselves as at the highest point ever in human technological advancement, and certainly on some levels we seem to have done better than in the past — such as transportation methods like airplanes.

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10 Inventions That Will Give You Hope for Humanity
https://youtu.be/3TTvlbaPjzQ

Top 10 FACTS About Surprising FACEBOOK
https://youtu.be/ygabnp8Z6Rs

Text version: https://www.toptenz.net/10-surprising-technologies-people-had-in-the-past.php

Coming up:

10. The “Baghdad Battery” Found In The Ruins Of Ancient Iraq
9. Several Ancient Cultures Had Forms Of Air Conditioning
8. Hot Air Balloons Go Back To When They Were Used For Messaging In Ancient China
7. People Exploited The Denseness Of Air To Create Primitive “Refrigerators”
6. Guns Have Been Used In Combat Much Farther Back Than Most People Realize
5. Devices Like The Antikythera Mechanism Allowed For Incredible Mathematical Analysis
4. The Telegraph Was Basically The Texting And Internet Of The Olden Days
3. Ancient Cultures Had Surprisingly Sophisticated GPS Equipment
2. The Use Of Condoms And Pregnancy Tests Goes Back A Very Long Way
1. Kevlar Is A Rediscovery Of A Very Old Means Of Combat Protection

Source/Further reading:

https://youtu.be/p5F6lJhofpA
https://youtu.be/p5F6lJhofpA
http://www.slate.com/articles/arts/culturebox/2011/07/a_history_of_air_conditioning.html
https://books.google.com/books?id=CyxHDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT557&dq=sky+lantern+ancient+chinese+military&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjvlsK_qvHbAhUOvVMKHeFRC6cQ6AEILzAB#v=onepage&q=sky%20lantern%20ancient%20chinese%20military&f=false
https://youtu.be/0Z4iFYzGQkE
https://www.history-magazine.com/refrig.html
https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/entertainment/books/1979/08/12/the-samurai-the-sword-and-the-gun/9735f156-7368-4665-a138-43bfe984a081/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.d0b7cb5793d1
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antikythera_mechanism#/media/File:NAMA_Machine_d%27Anticyth%C3%A8re_1.jpg
https://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/internet/10120701/Telegram-system-ends.-Stop.-Replaced-by-text-messages.-Stop.html
https://www.citylab.com/life/2013/04/7-examples-how-we-used-navigate-world-around-us/5286/
https://youtu.be/jdr1yDO7MoY
https://books.google.com/books?id=-_JeDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT206&dq=glans+condoms+in+ancient+china&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiupon_vPrbAhVFpFkKHaeYCNwQ6AEIKTAA#v=onepage&q=glans%20condoms%20in%20ancient%20china&f=false
https://hackaday.com/2014/04/11/the-ancient-greeks-invented-kevlar-a-over-2-millennia-ago/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Iran_Air_Cargo_Boeing_747-200_KvW.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sixteenth_Century_Cannon2.jpg
https://www.flickr.com/photos/boyntonartstudio/26258302450
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ironie_pile_Bagdad.jpg
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zffTsotd-tY
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Battery_symbol2.svg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Skeptical_Face.jpg
https://www.flickr.com/photos/20247775@N02/2044969585
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Toshiba_Daiseikai_Air_Conditioner.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pont_du_Gard_Oct_2007.jpg
https://www.maxpixel.net/Residents-Marroc-Africa-Bedouin-Morocco-Desert-171827
https://www.pexels.com/photo/person-camel-riding-on-desert-785744/
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hot_air_balloons_in_leon.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:International_hot_air_balloon_festival_in_leon_guanajuato_mexico_2012.jpg
https://www.publicdomainpictures.net/en/view-image.php?image=11431&picture=sky-lantern

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mkalus
2 minutes ago
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10 Horrific Facts About Child Labor

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From: toptenznet
Duration: 14:30

Support our efforts to make videos about what we want: https://www.patreon.com/toptenz/overview

Most people think of slavery and child labor as a thing of the past, but unfortunately, some estimates believe there are more slaves than ever before, and the problem with child labor has gotten worse, not better.

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Other TopTenz Videos:

Top 10 Reasons President George W Bush is Totally Underrated
https://youtu.be/65nH4utuEHo?list=PLQ4d2-ByGhnKy_Pe6Iqm2LgwF52sXiPM5

Top 10 Hilariously Dumb Things Said by Presidential Candidates
https://youtu.be/C0Z3Mw-1A9w?list=PLQ4d2-ByGhnKy_Pe6Iqm2LgwF52sXiPM5

Text version: https://www.toptenz.net/10-horrific-facts-about-child-labor.php

Coming up:

10. The Industrial Revolution Reshaped The World With A Brutal New Form Of Child Labor
9. Chimney Sweeps Bought Children From Poor People And Used Them As Expendable Slaves
8. Newsies Didn’t Have Even Nearly As Fun A Lot As Depicted On Broadway
7. Child Mining During The Industrial Revolution Was More Horrific Than You Could Imagine
6. Kids Working In Factories Had To Deal With Cruel Punishments On Top Of Dangerous Work
5. India Estimates There Are Over One Million Child Sex Slaves In The Country
4. Chocolate Farming Child Slaves Tricked With Promise Of Bicycle, Beaten With Chain Instead
3. Child Labor On US Farms Is Common And Leads To Numerous Fatalities And Injuries
2. Children As Young As Four In Pakistan Are Kidnapped And Sold To Be Camel Jockeys
1. Child Labor Is Actually On The Rise All Around The World, Even In The USA

Source/Further reading:

http://www.eiu.edu/eiutps/childhood.php
https://www.mychimney.com/blog/about/children-as-chimney-sweeps/
https://www.gilderlehrman.org/content/historical-context-newsies
http://spartacus-educational.com/Child_Labour.htm
https://youtu.be/E_tFFQyEu_Q
https://www2.needham.k12.ma.us/nhs/cur/Baker_00/2002_p7/ak_p7/childlabor.html
https://youtu.be/_acl27w_oMk
http://www.cnn.com/2009/WORLD/asiapcf/05/11/india.prostitution.children/index.html
https://youtu.be/eHDxy04QPqM
http://soapboxie.com/social-issues/Chocolate-Slavery-Slave-Labor-in-the-Cocoa-Industry
https://youtu.be/UiYwkU3H7i8
http://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/29/us/family-farms-child-workers.html
https://youtu.be/s4eyFSO8uDE
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2001/jun/03/peterbeaumont.theobserver
https://youtu.be/JgJBZQWEzFI
http://www.businessinsider.com/countries-worst-child-labor-risks-2012-1
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Child_labor,_Artisan_Mining_in_Kailo_Congo.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Abolish_child_slavery.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hartmann_Maschinenhalle_1868_(01).jpg
https://ro.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fi%C8%99ier:A_doffer_in_Lincolnton_Mill._Lincolnton,_N.C_-_NARA_-_523112.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Some_of_the_doffers_and_the_Supt._Ten_small_boys_and_girls_about_this_size_out_of_a_force_of_40_employees._Catawba..._-_NARA_-_523141.jpg
https://www.flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress/7893965926
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Child_Labor_in_Georgia,_United_States_1909b.jpg
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4I-b_GJ4ltk&t=33s
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Chimneysweep.png
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Chimney_Sweeps._(Studio_portrait_of_two_young_chimney_sweeps.),_by_Havens,_O._Pierre,_1838-1912_2.jpg

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mkalus
5 minutes ago
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Globe editorial: Ottawa is missing the point when it comes to the border issue - The Globe and Mail

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Winfried Kretschmann, the minister-president of the German state of Baden-Wurttemberg, was rueful during an editorial board meeting at The Globe and Mail this week. Asked to explain how a racist anti-immigration party won 15.1 per cent of the vote in a 2016 state election, he admitted it was difficult to understand.

Baden-Wurttemberg, after all, is one of the economic powerhouses of Germany. A major car-manufacturing region, it has full employment, a strong middle class, low crime and a wealth of new public infrastructure. The rise of a party of nativist malcontents was an anomaly, given these factors alone.

But another factor, of course, was the massive influx of asylum seekers into Germany in 2015, and the ongoing political fallout from that. If Mr. Kretschmann had a regret about 2015, it was that Germany and the European Union failed to make a clear distinction between legitimate refugees from war-torn Middle Eastern countries and economic migrants from Balkan countries, both of whom flowed into Germany in a single stream.


People long for a strong government and to feel safe, he said. A sudden and large influx of asylum-seekers can provoke uncertainty, even among well-meaning and compassionate citizens. He implied that governments make a mistake when they fail to manage people’s fears, however overblown or ill-begotten, about the border.

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau does not manage those fears in Canada. He dismisses them. Speaking recently about Canada’s border issue, he said, "The fact is we have a situation where there are irregular arrivals coming across our border into Canada. The fact is also we are processing every every single one of those irregular arrivals in a way that is 100-per-cent consistent with our immigration system. People who are trying to make this sound like a crisis are playing exactly the politics of fear and intolerance with which Canadians, and I certainly among them, will have no truck.”

Mr. Trudeau doesn’t benefit from Mr. Kretschmann’s hindsight, but he should learn from it. A perpetual stream of people crossing the border illegally, only half of whom appear to be legitimate refugee claimants, could erode some Canadians' faith in the immigration system.

And yet there is no evidence Ottawa has anything in the works that will reassure Canadians that this is not the new normal. We agree that the influx of 30,000 asylum seekers in the past 18 months is not a crisis, per se. But, as we said in an editorial earlier this week, Ottawa’s response has been reactive rather than forward-thinking.

For instance, its hiring of 64 new adjudicators to speed up the processing of asylum seekers appears to be window-dressing. The wait time has jumped from 14 months to 20 months in two years. The Immigration and Refugee Board, which oversees the refugee-determination system, says the extra bodies will, at best, only slow the increase in wait times.

This is key. A refugee lawyer quoted in The Globe says the long wait times are a "magnet” for illegitimate asylum claimants, because they know they will get to stay in Canada for as many as two years until their case is fully heard.

If Ottawa wants to address this issue seriously, it will have to hire many more adjudicators. Or, alternately, it could do what Mr. Kretschmann wishes Germany and the EU had done, and find ways to more quickly separate true refugees from economic migrants in the asylum-seeking queue.


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That won’t be easy, since every person who makes a refugee claim in Canada is legally entitled to an oral hearing. As well, courts in Canada have repeatedly protected the rights of refugee claimants, including those coming from countries deemed to be safe.

But there must be a way to find a compromise between respecting those rights while giving the government the ability to limit abuses of the refugee system and to show determination in controlling our borders. For instance, could Ottawa pass legislation that gives it the discretion to deny appeals to people whose refugee claims are refused, and who didn’t come into the country at a legal port of entry?

At the very least, the government needs to signal that it is looking at long-term solutions. What Mr. Trudeau fails to understand, and politicians in Germany have come to rue, is that dismissing concerns about border security is unwise. The Prime Minister needs to demonstrate that he is willing to act decisively and take away the incentives that have led to this moment.

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mkalus
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Star Destroyer Dock by Ryan Church

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Infamous Ryan Church.


Keywords: star wars concept art ryan church doug chiang
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mkalus
51 minutes ago
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Instagram und Facebook: Petition gegen verantwortungslose Reisefotos - SPIEGEL ONLINE

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verherrlichen. Eine einflussreiche Reisebloggerin wehrt sich nun, sie will die Plattformen zum Umdenken zwingen.

Selfie auf Reisen
Getty Images/ iStockphoto

Selfie auf Reisen


Ein Mann schaut in die Linse seiner Handykamera. Im Hintergrund zeigt das Selfie die weite Ebene des Valley of the Gods, dem Tal der Götter, im US-Bundesstaat Utah. Mittendrin ein kleines Zelt und aufgetürmte Holzscheite, offenbar die Überreste eines Lagerfeuers. "Heute morgen bin ich an diesem magischen Ort aufgewacht", schreibt er auf Englisch unter den Post.

Es ist ein typisches Instagramfoto: ein bisschen Outdoor, ein bisschen #campfire, #sunrise, #desert, 149 Likes. Der einzige Haken: Im Valley of the Gods mit seinen beeindruckenden Sandstein-Monolithen und Felsnadeln ist offenes Feuer strengstens verboten.

Eine Instagrammerin weist den Fotografen darauf hin: "Hey da! Ich wollte nur deutlich machen, dass Feuer hier nicht erlaubt ist (es gibt etliche Schilder und eine Online-Info), es wäre also besser, wenn du das Foto löschst, um andere nicht dazu zu bringen, Regeln zu brechen", kommentiert Elisabeth Brentano unter den Post. Dahinter einen Peace-Smiley. Inzwischen ist das Foto auf Instagram nicht mehr auffindbar, Brentano hat es auf ihrem Blog veröffentlicht, den Namen des Users hat sie verpixelt, ebenso wie sein Gesicht.

Fotostrecke

4  Bilder
#travelgram: Macht sich gut auf Instagram!

Brentano ist selbst sehr aktiv auf Instagram. Etwa 90.000 Menschen folgen der Reisebloggerin, sie ist eine sogenannte Influencerin: Durch ihre hohe Social-Media-Präsenz erreicht sie viele Menschen und bewirbt etwa Kameras oder Destinationen auf ihrem Profil, das Sehnsüchte nach Fernreisen, heißen Quellen und Safaris weckt.

Doch wie einige ihrer Influencer-Kollegen Sehnsüchte mit ihren Fotos wecken wollen, damit ist Brentano nicht einverstanden: Denn viele von ihnen würden vor beinahe nichts zurückschrecken, um das perfekte Foto zu erhaschen. "Wenn manche Instagram benutzen, um öffentlich Fotos und Videos davon zu posten, wie sie das Gesetz brechen oder sich an Aktivitäten beteiligen, die schädlich für die Umwelt sind, werden sie selten dafür belangt", schreibt sie auf der Plattform <a href="http://Change.org" rel="nofollow">Change.org</a>.

Insbesondere große Accounts erreichten mit derlei Posts Millionen von Menschen. Beispielhaft nennt sie das Entzünden von Lagerfeuern, das Fliegen von Drohnen in verbotenen Zonen oder das Betreten von historischen Stätten ohne Erlaubnis.

Brentano möchte dem Einhalt gebieten. Nicht nur auf ihrem Blog und auf Instagram schreibt sie über Fälle wie den in Utah. Sie hat auch eine Petition gestartet, in der sie Instagrammer und Reiseblogger zu verantwortungsvollem Verhalten auffordert. Viele Destinationen hätten durch Social Media erst an Popularität gewonnen, schreibt sie. Durch die steigenden Besucherzahlen hätten einige Outdoor-Ziele jedoch gelitten und teilweise sogar geschlossen werden müssen.

Appell an Instagram und Facebook

"Ich schlage vor, dass Instagram und Facebook sofort handeln und ein System einführen, dass es Usern ermöglicht, illegale und umweltschädliche Handlungen zu melden", fordert Brentano in ihrer Petition. Diese Meldungen könnten, so ihr Vorschlag, an eine "Outdoor-Ethik-Abteilung" der Social-Media-Plattformen weitergeleitet werden, die wiederum in Zusammenarbeit mit Wissenschaftlern, Parks, Nonprofit-Organisationen und Juristen die Weiterverbreitung solcher Fotos verbieten müssten.

Zusätzlich sollten Accounts gekennzeichnet werden, die sich besonders vorbildlich und nachhaltig verhalten. Unternehmen und Organisationen könnten so gezielter nach Influencern als Werbeträger für ihre Produkte suchen. Die Petition haben bisher fast 14.000 Menschen unterzeichnet.

Auf dem Account von Elisabeth Brentano sind mehr als 500 Fotos zu sehen: rotgoldene Dünen im Westen der USA, wilde Tiere in einem Nationalpark in Namibia, Lamas in der Atacama-Wüste, Wasserfälle in Japan und Berggipfel in Alaska. Einige der Bilder tragen als Ortsmarke "Nope" oder "Not here" - vermutlich will die Instagrammerin diese Orte geheim halten.

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5 hours ago
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Wie in Detroit Fahrräder aus Stahl gemacht werden

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Ich gehe davon aus, dass Fahrräder industriell anders hergestellt werden, aber wenn bei Detroit Bikes Räder aus Stahl gebaut werden, ist das noch Handarbeit. Und die Konstruktion zum Schweißen des Rahmens ist ziemlich beeindruckend.


(Direktlink, via Core 77)

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mkalus
7 hours ago
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